Eyebrow dandruff can be a common aesthetic problem for many people. It is mostly associated with dry skin, although it also appears due to fungal infections.
Dandruff is a common condition that usually affects people of all ages. Most evident on the scalp.
Dandruff refers to the shedding of dead skin cells in the form of flakes. Studies estimate that it occurs in more than 50% of the population at least once in their lifetime.
This condition usually causes aesthetic discomfort and embarrassment to the sufferer.
Skin peeling is a natural process that can be enhanced by other factors. In some patients, it is the result of fat accumulation or fungal invasion. Prompt treatment yields excellent results.
Eyebrow dandruff symptoms
Dandruff on the eyebrows looks like small white particles or flakes similar to scalp dandruff. Similarly, it is common to see the following symptoms in affected patients:
- Gray or yellow flakes at the level of the eyebrows that come off easily
- Small scabs or excoriations
- Irritated, reddened, or inflamed skin
- Burning or itching in the area
On the other hand, it is feasible to find a cracked and whitish skin and rounded and reddish patches in other parts of the body. However, all symptoms may vary, depending on the underlying cause of eyebrow dandruff.
Possible causes of eyebrow dandruff
There are several pathologies to which excessive skin flaking in the form of dandruff can be attributed. They usually affect the skin surface, altering its function.
In most patients, seborrheic dermatitis is the main cause of eyebrow dandruff and other areas.
However, contact dermatitis, dry skin, psoriasis, and eczema should also be considered at the time of diagnosis.
Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammatory skin pathology characterized by papulosquamous lesions in areas rich in sebaceous glands.
Research suggests that it is common on the scalp, central region of the face, eyebrows, torso, armpits, and groin area.
There are multiple factors related to the development of this pathology. However, subcutaneous infection by the fungus Malassezia is believed to be the main cause.
This is a common yeast found in the skin flora that can spread throughout the face of a deficient immune person.
The fungus invasion into the skin leads to increased formation of fatty substances and stimulates proliferation of the cutaneous stratum corneum. This promotes the appearance of dandruff on the eyebrows and scalp, as well as oily skin.
Contact dermatitis is an inflammatory skin process that originates from exposure to an exogenous irritant agent.
This results in a hypersensitivity response or skin allergy, characterized by rash and itching. In some patients, it may promote the shedding of skin cells.
Some studies suggest that the face, hands, wrists, and arms are the main sites of occurrence. The skin may react to household cleaning products, poor hygiene, personal care products, makeup, and jewelry.
Therefore, if you notice dandruff on your eyebrows after using a new product, you should suspend its use.
Generally, people who are exposed to extreme temperatures or don’t moisturize adequately may have dry skin. This situation often leads to dandruff.
However, dry skin is easily and quickly reversed by moisturizing and hydrating the skin and drinking plenty of water.
Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disorder characterized by red, scaly, and itchy lesions.
This disease is caused by an abnormal response of the immune system on the skin epithelium cells.
Cell turnover and growth are stimulated without the old cells being shed, giving rise to the typical plaques.
In some patients with psoriasis, small scaly lesions can be seen on the scalp and around the eyebrows. It affects not only the skin and esthetics but also psychological aspects.
Eczema encompasses a group of skin conditions that cause itching, scaling, and redness. It is common in infants and young children, in whom it is associated with other conditions such as asthma and hives.
In some cases, skin lesions may be located on the face and cause dandruff on the eyebrows, and prompt medical evaluation is vital.
Treatments available for eyebrow dandruff
In most cases, typical dandruff flaking and its associated itching can be treated using anti-dandruff shampoos.
These help to remove excess dead cells and oil. However, inflammatory and desquamative pathologies require medical supervision by a dermatologist.
There is a wide variety of shampoos on the market for the control and prevention of dandruff. Generally, people must try several options until they find one that works for them.
In addition, they require long-term use to obtain good results. Shampoos used to manage dandruff on the eyebrows and scalp may contain the following substances:
- Zinc pyrithione
- Coal tar
- Salicylic acid
- Selenium sulfide
When applied to the eyebrows, it is advisable to leave it on for a few minutes before removing it.
Likewise, the instructions should be followed, and direct contact with the eyes should be avoided.
In patients with allergic dermatitis, oral antihistamines and over-the-counter creams can be used for irritation and itching.
A specialist’s approach is vital in patients with underlying pathologies causing eyebrow dandruff, such as seborrheic dermatitis.
The specialist can recommend topical and systemic antifungal therapies for the treatment of this condition. Ketoconazole and fluconazole are commonly prescribed oral medications.
Seek medical help as soon as possible if an allergic reaction with rash and hives occurs. Respiratory affections may complicate hypersensitivity conditions.
Eyebrow dandruff natural remedies
It is possible to prepare and apply some home remedies to alleviate the symptoms of mild eyebrow dandruff.
However, certain natural substances may cause allergic reactions. Therefore, it is advisable to test the remedy on a small area of your hand before applying it to the face.
Studies suggest that tea leaf oil has antimicrobial and antioxidant properties useful in the management of dandruff and other conditions.
It is key to dilute the natural oils and apply in small amounts, leaving it on for a few minutes.
You can reduce the risk of developing dandruff in the eyebrows or prevent its appearance by making minor lifestyle changes.
Some recommendations that can be followed to achieve this goal are the following:
- Maintain a healthy diet, rich in vitamins and zinc
- Moisturize the skin periodically with a facial moisturizer
- Use sunscreen
- Recognize possible allergens
- Use over-the-counter anti-dandruff shampoos
- Learn to manage stress efficiently
Eyebrow dandruff is a common condition that appears in any stage of life. It is usually relieved by using anti-dandruff shampoos and moisturizers.
However, if it persists over time or strange symptoms arise, it is advisable to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
A health professional is the only one qualified to assess the condition and offer the best approach.